Musical scoring terms every event spinner should know
Music sets the tone (no pun intended) for any event—wedlock party, debut party, corporate event, among others. It instantly establishes the energy in a space and influences the emotions of the guests. Well-chosen music will build feelings of excitement, happiness, and anticipation in your audience.
As an event DJ or spinner, it is a must for you to be familiar with the most common musical scoring terms.
Ever heard of bed, bumper, hook, and sweeper? Do you know what do they mean in the context of musical scoring?— Lord Vincent Van Mendoza (@digitallourd) July 6, 2022
In my career as an event DJ, I use this in sorting and naming the music stored in my drive.
A music bed, simply put, is a song. It is typically an instrumental song, meaning no vocals. Its sole purpose is to add ambiance or emotion to a video, a podcast episode, a video game, or wherever someone may have a need for background music. A good music bed will add just the right amount of flavor without taking the attention away from the main event.
This is the part of a song that is unique in the listener’s ear, such as the portion of the song the listener usually likes and remembers the most. A song hook is a short lyrical line or melodic phrase used to catch the listener’s ear and make a song engaging. It’s attention-grabbing, catchy, and makes the song memorable.
Musical hooks are most evident in styles like rap, hip-hop, R&B, pop, rock, and dance music. It is often placed in the chorus of a song. Moreover, hooks can be lyrical, melodic, rhythmic, or instrumental. They support the main idea of a song in a shorter form than a chorus.
Bumper music, or a bump, refers to short clips of signature songs or theme music used to buffer transitions between programming elements, typically lasting no longer than fifteen seconds (albeit it may last even longer if necessary).
A bumper (sometimes known as stinger) can be used to introduce, end, or link various sections of audio or audiovisual production. Sometimes they are also called sounders and can often have voice-over and sound effects incorporated with them.
A sweeper is a recorded element, such as a voice, voice-over music, or sound effects, that bridges two songs together or creates a transition.
A stager is a musical effect that establishes and holds; good for dramatic emphasis. In our event, Papa Kiko (my mentor and coach) uses this to signal the guests that the event is about to start. For easier recall, I refer to this as the build-up music.
This is moving from one musical selection to another without any announcing or interruption. Simply put, this is to make sure that there is a smooth transition from one song to the next one.
A term for a technique used when the host/emcee (or even the DJ) announces the title or the artist of the song he/she just played. In a wedlock party, for instance, this is when someone gives a song number and you introduce the title of the song that has just been rendered.
A signal to begin and go on with talking, introducing records, etc.
The instrumental beginning of a song leading up to the vocals, also known as the intro.
Sound bites that have been lifted from movies, television programs or other sources to be used by DJs to accentuate programming.
Being familiar with these terms gives you an edge in the industry as you are likely to be hired by musical directors because you will better understand each other in the production should there be any on-the-spot changes.
Take a look at this vlog to get a sneak peek at how we apply these things in practice:
If you are looking for a mobile DJ for your social and corporate events in Davao city, contact me by calling/texting +639919784945.